Curiosities

 

Hypocalcaemia

Calcium - role in the body The content of calcium in the body is about 1000 g. It is the basic building element of the skeleton. Almost 99% of it occurs in bones bound as apatite. However, the remaining 1% (or about 10 g) is present as...

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Osteomalacia

What is Osteomalacia? Osteomalacia is the adult equivalent of rickets. Osteomalacia is a metabolic disease of the bones in which the bones are insufficiently saturated with calcium, making them insufficiently strong and prone to bending...

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Kidney stone disease

What is kidney stone disease? Nephrolithiasis, also known as urolithiasis, is a disease in which the kidney or the urinary tract (calyxes, pelvis and ureter) contain deposits, resulting from the precipitation of chemicals in the urine,...

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Pharyngitis

The throat, in addition to the nasal cavity, mouth and part of the larynx, is one of the structures of the upper respiratory tract. It is protected against infection by a number of defense mechanisms, such as its anatomical structure,...

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Chronic renal failure

What is Chronic Renal Failure? Chronic renal failure (CRF) is a multi-symptomatic disease syndrome resulting from permanent damage or reduction in the number of active nephrons, caused by various disease processes in the renal parenchyma....

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Recurrent cystitis

What is recurrent cystitis? Urinary tract infections are one of the most common infectious diseases. A urinary tract infection (UTI) is the presence of microbes in the urinary tract above the bladder sphincter. Depending on the course of...

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Season flu

What is the flu? Influenza is an infectious disease caused by Myxovirus influenzae type A, B or C viruses. Type A virus is characterized by high antigenic variability, which is associated with the risk of falling ill each year and the...

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Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is a common disease that significantly increases mortality, lowers the quality of life, and increases the risk of further fractures after the first fracture. For these reasons, it is a significant social problem and a heavy...

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